Today, I had the opportunity to appear on a TV show, where I was asked about the future of software engineering in light of the rapid advancements in artificial intelligence and automation. The question sparked an engaging conversation, prompting me to consider the various aspects of software development that are impacted by AI and how this technology might shape the industry moving forward. This exchange, combined with numerous posts and discussions I have encountered recently, which suggest that by 2030 the cost of software engineering will significantly decrease due to AI replacing human roles, has motivated me to create this post.

Exploring the Synergy

In this post, I aim to discuss the unique strengths that human software engineers bring to the table, the aspects of software development where their input remains crucial, and the importance of embracing a collaborative relationship between AI and human expertise. By delving deeper into this topic, I hope to shed light on the dynamic synergy between AI and human software engineers, and how this powerful combination can lead to more efficient, innovative, and successful software solutions.

While it’s true that advancements in AI, such as code-generating tools, can impact the software engineering job market, it is difficult to predict the exact extent of these changes and the resulting effect on costs by 2030.

It is possible that AI-driven tools will automate some aspects of software development, leading to improved efficiency and productivity. This could potentially reduce the demand for entry-level software engineers and developers, resulting in lower costs for certain types of software development tasks. However, there are several factors to consider:

  • Complementing human labor: AI-driven tools are likely to complement the work of software engineers rather than replace them entirely. As AI tools take over more routine tasks, software engineers may focus on higher-level activities, such as system architecture, design, and strategic decision-making, which are more difficult to automate.

  • New opportunities: AI and related technologies are expected to create new industries and job opportunities that do not exist today. Software engineers will likely play a crucial role in developing and maintaining these new technologies, resulting in continued demand for their skills.
  • Skillset adaptation: Software engineers who are adaptable and willing to learn new skills can stay relevant in the job market. The ability to work with AI-driven tools and integrate them into the software development process could become a valuable skill in itself.
  • Ongoing demand for customization: Many software projects require customization and adaptation to specific business needs, which may be difficult to achieve through AI-driven code generation alone. In such cases, the expertise of software engineers will remain in demand.

When considering other aspects of software development, such as design, product planning, analysis, and conceptualization, it is important to recognize that these tasks often require a deep understanding of human needs, domain-specific knowledge, and creativity. While AI can aid in some aspects of these tasks, human expertise and judgment will likely continue to be critical in the foreseeable future.

  • Design: Design involves not only the visual aspects but also the user experience and interaction with software products. While AI can provide suggestions and optimize certain design elements, it may struggle to capture the nuances of human preferences, emotions, and cultural differences. Human designers will likely remain essential for creating intuitive and user-friendly software products.
  • Product planning: Product planning requires a deep understanding of the target audience, the competitive landscape, and the value proposition of the product. AI can provide valuable data and insights to support decision-making, but human product managers will continue to play a vital role in synthesizing this information and making strategic choices based on a wide range of factors.
  • Analysis: While AI can automate data analysis and generate insights, it often requires human experts to interpret and contextualize these insights, particularly when it comes to complex, real-world scenarios. Human analysts will remain crucial for identifying trends, uncovering opportunities, and making informed decisions based on AI-generated data.
  • Conceptualization: The process of conceptualizing new software products or features often requires creativity, intuition, and domain-specific expertise. While AI can assist in idea generation, it is limited by the data it has been trained on and may struggle to generate truly novel and groundbreaking ideas. Human input and expertise will remain indispensable in conceptualizing innovative software solutions.

For complex projects, documentation, and project management in distributed teams, AI can provide some support, but human expertise and collaboration will still be essential. Here’s a breakdown of how AI might impact these aspects:

  • Complex projects: For projects with high levels of complexity, AI can assist in tasks such as code optimization, testing, and bug detection. However, human engineers and architects will still be required to design and implement robust systems, manage dependencies, and make strategic decisions based on a deep understanding of the project’s goals, constraints, and risks.
  • Documentation: AI-powered tools can help generate and maintain documentation by extracting information from code, comments, and other project artifacts. They can also assist in keeping documentation up-to-date and consistent. However, human input is necessary to ensure that documentation accurately reflects the intent, context, and nuances of the software system. Human reviewers will remain crucial in creating clear, comprehensive, and user-friendly documentation that effectively communicates complex information to various stakeholders.
  • Project management in distributed teams: AI can help with project management tasks such as scheduling, resource allocation, and progress tracking. However, managing distributed teams requires strong communication, collaboration, and leadership skills, which are difficult for AI to replicate. Human project managers will still be needed to coordinate team members across different time zones, cultural backgrounds, and areas of expertise, as well as to resolve conflicts, motivate team members, and ensure that project goals are met.

In these cases, AI can serve as a valuable tool to enhance human capabilities and increase efficiency. However, it is not expected to replace the need for human expertise in managing complex projects, creating high-quality documentation, and leading distributed teams. The demand for skilled professionals in these areas is likely to continue, and as a result, the costs associated with hiring such talent may not significantly decrease by 2030.

Moreover, AI-generated code can sometimes contain logical errors or be suboptimal. While AI models like GPT-4 can be impressive in generating code snippets, they are not perfect and can indeed produce code with issues or errors. This is mainly because AI models learn from the data they are trained on, and they might not always have a deep understanding of the underlying concepts, context, or specific requirements of a given project.

Human involvement is crucial in reviewing, validating, and improving AI-generated code. Software engineers will need to provide recommendations and feedback to ensure that the code is correct, efficient, and aligns with the project requirements. In some cases, AI-generated code might need substantial revision or rework by human engineers to meet the desired standards.

As AI technology continues to advance, it is expected to improve in generating more accurate and efficient code. However, human oversight, feedback, and expertise will remain essential in ensuring that AI-generated code is reliable, secure, and maintainable.

Designing software architectures and integrating various programming technologies and frameworks are tasks that require a deep understanding of system requirements, domain knowledge, and trade-offs involved in the choice of technologies. These tasks are crucial to the success of a software project and highlight the continued importance of human software engineers. Some reasons why human involvement is essential in these areas include:

  • Designing software architectures: Crafting a well-designed architecture is key to creating scalable, maintainable, and reliable software systems. This process requires human software engineers to consider factors such as system requirements, performance constraints, and future growth. Architects need to have a comprehensive understanding of various architectural patterns, best practices, and principles to make informed decisions about the structure and organization of the software system.
  • Integrating programming technologies and frameworks: Choosing the right technologies and frameworks is crucial for the success of a software project. Human software engineers need to evaluate the pros and cons of different options, taking into account factors such as compatibility, performance, maintainability, and support from the developer community. Integrating these technologies and frameworks often requires a deep understanding of their inner workings, which is typically beyond the capabilities of AI.
  • Balancing trade-offs: In software development, there are often trade-offs between factors such as performance, security, maintainability, and cost. Human software engineers are needed to balance these trade-offs, taking into account the specific context and requirements of the project. This decision-making process requires critical thinking, experience, and domain knowledge that are difficult to replicate with AI.
  • Adapting to evolving technologies and trends: The landscape of programming technologies and frameworks is constantly changing, with new tools and approaches emerging regularly. Human software engineers need to stay up-to-date with these developments and adapt their skills accordingly. This ability to learn and evolve is a key advantage that humans have over AI systems, which are limited by the data they have been trained on.
  • Collaboration and communication: The process of designing software architectures and integrating technologies often involves collaboration between various stakeholders, such as developers, product managers, and domain experts. Human software engineers play a crucial role in facilitating this collaboration, ensuring that everyone involved understands the technical decisions and their implications for the project.

There are several other aspects that indicate software engineers will continue to be necessary in the future, despite advancements in AI and automation. Some of these aspects include:

  • Growing complexity of software systems: As technology continues to advance, software systems are becoming increasingly complex and interconnected. Human software engineers will be needed to design, implement, and maintain these complex systems, ensuring they are robust, scalable, and secure.
  • Ethical considerations: As software becomes more integrated into our lives, ethical considerations become more important. Human software engineers will be responsible for making informed decisions about the ethical implications of software design and implementation, such as privacy, security, and fairness.
  • Emerging technologies: New technologies and paradigms are constantly emerging, such as quantum computing, blockchain, and extended reality. Human software engineers will be needed to develop, implement, and maintain software solutions that leverage these cutting-edge technologies.
  • Domain-specific expertise: Many software projects require domain-specific knowledge and expertise that AI may not possess or fully comprehend. Human software engineers can bring their domain-specific understanding to develop tailored solutions that meet the unique requirements of various industries and sectors.
  • Interdisciplinary collaboration: Software development often involves collaboration with professionals from other disciplines, such as business analysts, domain experts, and designers. Human software engineers will continue to be needed to effectively communicate and collaborate with these stakeholders, ensuring that software solutions are aligned with broader organizational goals and user needs.
  • Creativity and innovation: While AI can assist in generating ideas and optimizing solutions, human creativity and innovation are essential for developing truly novel and groundbreaking software products. Software engineers will continue to play a critical role in driving innovation and pushing the boundaries of what is possible in software development.
  • Customization and adaptation: Many software projects require customization and adaptation to specific business needs or environments, which may be difficult to achieve through AI-generated code alone. Human software engineers will remain in demand for their ability to create tailored software solutions that address the unique challenges and requirements of individual clients or projects.


I accept that the rapid advancements in artificial intelligence and automation have the potential to transform the software engineering landscape. However, it is important to recognize that “human” software engineers still play an indispensable role in the development process, as they possess unique skills and expertise that are difficult to replicate with AI alone.

While AI-driven tools can undoubtedly enhance the efficiency and productivity of software development, they are more likely to complement human software engineers rather than replace them entirely. By embracing a collaborative approach that leverages the strengths of both AI and human expertise, we can create a powerful synergy that drives innovation, improves the quality of software solutions, and ultimately leads to the continued growth and success of the software engineering industry.

As we look towards the future, it is crucial for software engineers to adapt and evolve their skill sets, learning to work effectively with AI-driven tools and staying up-to-date with emerging technologies and trends. By doing so, they can ensure their continued relevance and value in an increasingly AI-driven world, and contribute to the ongoing development of cutting-edge software solutions that shape our digital landscape.

Moreover, in light of the arguments presented, it is evident that the costs associated with software engineers will not decrease by 2030, as some “visonaries” signal us, due to their complementary roles with AI-driven tools, new opportunities created by emerging technologies, the importance of skillset adaptation, and the ongoing need for customization and adaptation in software projects. These factors combined suggest that the demand for skilled software engineers will persist, maintaining or potentially even increasing their value in the job market.


Credits: Stelian Brad